LA 3003 Freedom (is to learn) 4

Week 1
14th Jan
Aristotle on schole

Aristotle, (1981) The Politics, London : Penguin.

Further reading

Seneca, The Letters.
St Augustine, City of God. St Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologica, Q21, art. 1 (vol. 1); Q96, art 4 (vol. 4)
Life of Diogenes the Cynic, in Diogenes Laertius, Lives of Eminent Philosophers.
St Thomas Aquinas, Q105, art. 4 (vol. 8)
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Aquinas, Commentary on Aristotle’s Politics,
Plato, (1971) Gorgias.
Smith, A. (1986) Wealth of Nations.
Ward, ‘Ethnos in the Politics: Aristotle and Race,’ in Ward and Lott (2002).
Neill, R. (2011) ‘Slavery in the Writings of Thomas Aquinas,’
Clarence-Smith (2006)  Islam and the Abolition of Slavery


Week 2
21st Jan
master and slave; independence and dependence

Hegel, G.W.F. (1977) Phenomenology of Spirit, Oxford University Press, pp. 111-119.

Further reading:

St. Augustine, (1972) City of God, Harmondsworth: Penguin.
O’Neill, J. (1996) Hegel’s Dialectic of Desire and Recognition, SUNY.
Browning, G. (ed.) (1997) Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit: A Reappraisal, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Harris, H.S. (1995) Hegel: Phenomenology and System, Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Co.
Hyppolite, J. (1974) Genesis and Structure of Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit, Evanston: Northwestern University Press.
Kojeve, A. (1969) Introduction to the Reading of Hegel, Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Rose, G. (1996) Mourning Becomes the Law, Cambridge University Press.
Tubbs, N. (1997) Contradiction of Enlightenment; Hegel and the Broken Middle, Aldershot.
Tubbs, N. (2003) ‘The Concept of “Teachability”, Educational Theory, vol. 53, no. 1, pp. 79-80.
Tubbs, N. (2004) Philosophy’s Higher Education, Dordrecht, Kluwer.
Tubbs, N. (2005) Philosophy of the Teacher, Oxford: Blackwell.
Tubbs, N. (2008) Education in Hegel, London: Continuum.
Marx, W. (1988) Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit, University of Chicago Press.
Norman, R. (1976) Hegel’s Phenomenology, Sussex University Press.
Rockmore, T. (1992) Before and After Hegel, University of California Press.


Week 3
28th Jan
free and not free

Kant, I. (1990) ‘What is Enlightenment’ in Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals, New York, Macmillan.
Dostoevsky, F. (1993) The Brothers Karamazov, London: Penguin.

Further reading

Kant, I. (1992) Political Writings, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Williams. R. (2008) Dostoevsky: Language, Faith and Fiction, London: Continuum.


Week 4
4th Feb
Cosmopolitanism: ancient and modern

Cicero, (1991) On Duties, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
Seneca, (1995) On The Private Life, in Moral and Political Essays, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press
Seneca, (2004) Letters from a Stoic, London, Penguin.
Marcus Aurelius, (1969) Meditations, London, Penguin.
Kant, (1983) Perpetual Peace, in Perpetual Peace and Other Essays, Indianapolis, Hackett.
Kant, (2012) Idea for a universal history with a cosmopolitan aim, in Anthropology, History and Education, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press
Kant, (2012) Lectures on Pedagogy, in Anthropology, History and Education, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
Kant, (2012) Anthropology from a pragmatic point of view, in Anthropology, History and Education, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
Nussbaum, M. (1994) ‘Patriotism and Cosmopolitanism’, Boston Review October/November.

Further reading

Papastephanou, M. (2008) ‘Hesiod the cosmopolitan: utopian and dystopian discourse and ethico-political education,’ Ethics and Education, 3:2, 89-105.
Erasmus, (1964), Querela Pacis, The Complaint of Peace (1517) in Erasmus, D. (1964) The Essential Erasmus, New York, New American Library.
Nussbaum, Cultivating Humanity, Cambridge, Massachusetts, Harvard University Press.


Week 5
11th February
Freedom and the End of History

Fukuyama, F. (1992) The End of History and the Last Man, London: Penguin.
Fukuyama, F. (1989) ‘The End of History?’ The National Interest, Summer.
Said, E. (1994) Culture and Imperialism, London; Vintage Books.
Hegel, GWF, (1967) Philosophy of Right, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Hegel, GWF. (1977) Phenomenology of Spirit, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Further Reading

Tubbs, N. (2008) Education in Hegel, London: Continuum.
Tubbs, N. (2009) History of Western Philosophy, Basingstoke: Palgrave.
Kant, (2012) ‘On the use of teleological principles in philosophy’..
Kant, (2012) ‘Conjectural beginning of human history’
Hegel, (1984) Lectures on the Philosophy of World History.
Browning, Lyotard and the end of Grand Narratives
Sim, Derrida and the End of History.
Nietzsche, Thus Spake Zarathustra, Prologue.
Lyotard, The Postmodern Explained to Children.


Week 6
18th Feb
Fanon and Said: masters and slaves

Fanon, F. (2001)The Wretched of the Earth, London, Penguin
Fanon, F. Black Skin, White Masks, London, Pluto Press
Spivak, G.C. (1986) ‘Can the Subaltern Speak?’
Maggio, J. (2007) ‘Can the Subaltern be Heard?’ Global, Local, Political, Oct-Dec Vol 32 Issue 4.
Bhabha, H. (1994) The Location of Culture, London, Routledge.
Said, E. (1994) Culture and Imperialism, London, Vintage.
Hallward, P. (2001) absolutely postcolonial, Manchester, Manchester University Press .

Wider reading

Fanon, Black Skin, White Masks.
Fanon, The Wretched of the Earth, Preface
Zizek, S. (1999) The Ticklish Subject, London.
Sartre, J.P. (2007) Existentialism and Humanism, London, Methuen.
Bernasconi, R. (2004) ‘Identity and Agency in Frantz Fanon’ Sartre Studies International. 2004, Vol. 10 Issue 2.
Bernasconi, R. (2010) ‘Fanon’s The Wretched of the Earth as the Fulfillment of Sartre’s Critique of Dialectical Reason’ Sartre Studies International. 2010, Vol. 16 Issue 2, p36-47.
Maggio, Can the Subaltern be Heard? 432-39
Asgharzadeh, A. (2008) ‘The Return of the Subaltern,’ Journal of Studies in International Education, vol 12 no.4, pp. 334-363Williams and Chrisman, Colonial Discourse and Post-Colonial Theory
Davidson, B. (1989) Let Freedom Come, London, Little, Brown and Co.
Dawkins, R. (2006), The God Delusion, London, Black Swan.
Achebe, “An Image of Africa: Racism in Conrad’s ‘Heart of Darkness’
Hulme, P. (1992) Colonial Encounters, London, Routledge.
Shakespeare, The Tempest
Ngugi, W.T. (2011) Decolonising the Mind, London, James Curry.


Rushdie, S. (2006) Midnight’s Children, London, Vintage.
Naipaul, V.S. (2011) A Bend in the River, London, Picador.
Conrad, J. (1996) Nostromo, Ware, Wordsworth.
Conrad, J. (2007) Heart of Darkness, London, Penguin.
Achebe, C. (2006) Things Fall Apart, London, Penguin.
Ngugi, W.T. (1989) The River Between, London, Heinemann.
Soyinka, W. (1963) The Lion and the Jewel, Oxford, Oxford University Press.
Winkler, A.C. (1995) Going Home to Teach, Kingston Jamaica, LMH Publishing.
Chamoiseau, P. (1997) School Days, London, Granta.


Week 7
25th February
Freedom with God – Christianity, Judaism and Islam

Soroush, A. ‘Reason, Freedom, and Democracy in Islam’, in Mehran Kamrava (ed.) (2006) The New Voices in Islam, London: I.B.Tauris, chapter 14.
Williams, R. (2008) Dostoevsky, London: Continuum.
Barenboim, D. (2008) Everything is Connected, London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson.

Wider reading

Al-Jabri, M. (1999) Arab-Islamic Philosophy, Austin, Texas: The Centre for Middle Eastern Studies.
Tibi, B. (2009) Islam’s Predicament with Modernity, London: Routledge.


Week 8
4th March
Freedom with God – this time in colour (van Gogh)

De Leeuw, R. (1996) The Letters of Van Gogh, Harmondsworth: Penguin, selected letters.

Wider reading

Wyschogrod, ‘Disrupting Reason: Art and Madness in Hegel and van Gogh’, in Zizek, S. et al. (2011) (eds.) Hegel and the Infinite, New York, Columbia University Press.
Bataille, G. (1985) Visions of Excess, Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Press.
Heidegger, ‘The Origin of the Work of Art’ in Heidegger, M. (1996) Basic Writings, ed. David Farrell Krell, London, Routledge.
McQuillian, M. (1989) Van Gogh, London: Thames and Hudson.
Walther, I. F. (1993) Vincent Van Gogh 1853-1890, Vision and Reality, Köln: Benedikt Taschen.
Uhde, W. (1991) Van Gogh, London: Phaidon Press Ltd.
Bruce, B. (1992) Van Gogh, London, Dorling Kindersley.
Bonafoux, P. (1992) Van Gogh: The Passionate Eye, London, Thames & Hudson.
‘Philosophers Rumble Over Van Gogh’s Shoes’


Week 9
11th March
Freedom without God – Nietzsche

Maritain, J. (1953) Creative Intuition in Arts and Poetry, New York: Pantheon Books Inc.
Nietzsche, F. (1968) Genealogy of Morals, New York: The Modern Library.
Nietzsche, (1982) Thus Spake Zarathustra, in The Portable Nietzsche, New York: Viking Portable Library, trans. W. Kaufmann.
Sermon on the Mount – beatitudes.

Wider reading on Nietzsche

Aviram, A. ‘Nietzsche as Educator,’ Journal of Philosophy of Education, vol. 25, no. 2, 1991, pp. 219-234.
Bingham, C. ‘What Friedrich Nietzsche cannot stand about education: toward a pedagogy of self-reformation,’ Educational Studies, vol 51, no. 3, Summer 2001.
Blake et al. (2000) Education in an Age of Nihilism, London: Routledge Falmer.
Johnston, J.S. ‘Nietzsche as Educator: a re-examination,’ Educational Studies, vol. 48, no. 1, Winter 1990, pp. 67-83.
Lampert, L. (1986) Nietzsche’s Teaching, Yale University Press
Nietzsche, F. (1982) Thus Spake Zarathustra, Penguin.
Nietzsche, F. (1968) The Will To Power, New York: Vintage Books
Nietzsche, F. (1974) The Gay Science, New York: Vintage Books.
Peters, M. Marshall, J. and Smeyers, P. (eds) (2001) Nietzsche’s Legacy for Education, Westport: Bergin and Garvey.
Ramaekers, S. ‘Teaching to Lie and Obey: Nietzsche on Education,’ Journal of Philosophy of Education, vol. 35, no. 2, May 2001.
Rosen, S. (1995) The Mask of Enlightenment, Cambridge University Press.
Rosenow, E. ‘Nietzsche’s Educational Legacy: Reflections on Interpretations of a controversial philosopher,’ Journal of Philosophy of Education, vol. 34, no. 4, Novenber 2000, pp. 673-685.
Sassone, L.A. ‘Philosophy across the Curriculum: A democratic Nietzschean pedagogy,’ Educational Studies, vol. 46, no. 4, Fall 1996, pp. 511-524.
Solomon, R.C. and Sherman, D. (eds.) (2003) The Blackwell Guide to Continental Philosophy, Oxford, Blackwell.
Tolstoy, L. (2009) My Religion: What I Believe, Guildford: White Crow.
Tubbs, N., (1997) Contradiction of Enlightenment, Aldershot: Ashgate.
Tubbs, N. (2003) ‘The Return of the Teacher’, Educational Philosophy and Theory, 35: 1.
Tubbs, N. (2005) Philosophy of the Teacher, Oxford: Blackwell.


Week 10
18th March
Freedom and death

Hawthorne, N. (1987) ‘The Minister’s Black Veil’ in Nathaniel Hawthorne’s Tales, New York: Norton.
Plato, (1997) Plato Complete Works, Indianapolis: Hackett, The Phaedo.
Plato, (1987) ‘The Apology’ in The Trial and Death of Socrates, Indianapolis: Hackett.
Hegel, G.W.F. (1977) Phenomenology of Spirit, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Sartre, ‘The Wall’ (1939) in Kaufmann, W. (1956) Existentialism from Dostoevsky to Sartre, New York: Meridian Books, pp. 223-240, or
Tubbs, N. (2008) Education in Hegel, London: Continuum.
Tubbs, N. (2009) History of Western Philosophy, Basingstoke: Palgrave.

Wider Reading

Augustine, (1972) City of God, Harmondsworth, Penguin.
Corbin, H. (1990) Avicenna and the Visionary Recital, Princeton: Princeton University Press
Cicero, (1923) Pro Archia, Loeb Classical Library: Harvard University Press.
Hainsworth, P. (ed.) (2010) The Essential Petrarch, Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Co.
Kierkegaard, S. (1990) Eighteen Upbuilding Discourses, Princeton: Princeton University Press, trans, H.V. Hong and E.H. Hong.
Kierkegaard, S. (1993) ‘At a Graveside’, in Three Discourses on Imagined Occasions, Princeton: Princeton University Press, trans, H.V. Hong and E.H. Hong, pp. 71-102.
LeFevre, P.D. (1963) The Prayers of Kierkegaard, Chicago, University of Chicago Press
Pascal, B. (1966) Pensées, Harmondsworth, Penguin.


Week 11
25th March
Many Happy Returns

Rosenzweig, F. (1999) Understanding the Sick and the Healthy: A View of World, Man and God, Harvard University Press
Oppenheim, M. (1985) What Does Revelation Mean for the Modern Jew? Rosenzweig, Buber, Fackenheim, New York: The Edwin Mellen Press
Williams, R. (1992) ‘”Know Thyself”: What Kind of an Injunction?’ in McGhee, M. (ed.) Philosophy, Religion and the Spiritual Life, Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement: 32, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
Glatzer, N.N. (ed.) (1998) Franz Rosenzweig: His Life and Thought, Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company.
Rose, G. (1993) Judaism and Modernity, Oxford: Blackwell.
Rose, G. (1995) Love’s Work, London: Chatto and Windus.
The first six essays in Women: a cultural review, Spring 1998, vol. 9, no.1.
Rose, G. (1996) Mourning Becomes the Law, Cambridge University Press.
Rose, G. (1999) Paradiso, London, Menard Press.
Tubbs, N. (2000) ‘Mind the Gap: The Philosophy of Gillian Rose’, Thesis Eleven, no. 60.
Tubbs, N. (2008) Education in Hegel, London: Continuum.
Plato, (1987) Theaetetus, Harmondsworth, Penguin.
Nietzsche, F. (1986) Human, All Too Human, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
Kierkegaard, S. (1985) Johannes Climacus, Princeton University Press.
Kierkegaard, S. (1968) Concluding Unscientific Postscript, Princeton, Princeton University Press, trans, David F. Swenson and Walter Lowrie.